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What is a Model United Nations?

Model United Nations is an authentic simulation of the UN General Assembly and other multilateral bodies where students step into the shoes of ambassadors from the UN member states to debate current issues on the organisation’s agenda.

How did Model UN begin?

While there is no official record of how Model UN began, we do know that Model UN is the successor of a series of student led Model League of Nations simulations. Some people believe that the first Model UN conference was held at Harvard University, although other colleges claim they held the first conference. Regardless, simulations of international organisations began even before the birth of the United Nations!

Are MUNs popular?

The popularity of Model UN continues to grow and more than 400,000 middle school, high school and college/university students worldwide participate every year.

Many of today’s leaders in law, government, business and the arts participated in Model UN during their academic careers. Model UN has been receiving attention in the mainstream media and has been featured in television programmes including ‘Community, Parks and Recreation’, ‘The Simpsons’, ‘Like Family’, ‘Buffy the Vampire Slayer’, ‘Will and Grace’, ‘The OC’, and ‘Gossip Girl’. Model UN was the theme of the Mary Kate and Ashley Olsen movie ‘Winning London’ and mentioned in ‘The Sure Thing’ and ‘Along Came Polly’.

What is the (VIBGYORMUN)?

It is an initiative by the VIBGYOR Group of Schools, India. It strives to foster a constructive forum for open dialogue on complex global issues amongst the student community.

Who is a Model United Nations delegate?

A student who:

  • assumes the role of an ambassador;
  • represents the country that has been assigned to her/him for all matters at the Model United Nations;
  • makes speeches, prepares draft resolutions, negotiates with allies and adversaries, resolves conflicts, and
  • navigates the Model UN conference rules of procedure – all in the interest of mobilising international cooperation to resolve problems that affect countries all over the world.

Why should I participate in the VIBGYORMUN?

The VIBGYOR Model United Nations strives to:

  • raise awareness among the youth about the salient role played by the United Nations in global affairs; serve as a Model of Best Practices of the United Nations;
  • involve delegates in various aspects of the planning process and inspire future leaders to become involved in world issues;
  • develop reading, reference and research skills which improve note taking, technical writing (drafting resolutions and working papers) and policy analysis;
  • enhance communication skills especially in the areas of public speaking, small group communications, active listening, negotiation and conflict resolution;
  • help delegates gain insights into foreign policies and how they affect world politics;
  • achieve a deeper understanding of different cultures and learn to appreciate and tolerate diversity;
  • encourage the youth to contribute towards a better global social interaction;
  • provide the delegates with in depth knowledge of their countries to guarantee a lively and memorable experience.

Who can participate in the Conference?

Registered students of Government recognised schools, colleges/universities, and students studying in Grade 8 and above as of November 2020 who have the ambition to learn something new and want to work with people to try and make a difference in the world can participate in the conference.

What are some of the educational benefits of VIBGYORMUN?

Teachers and students have benefited from and enjoyed this interactive learning experience. It not only involves young people in the study and discussion of global issues, but also encourages the development of skills useful throughout their lives, such as research, writing, public speaking, problem solving, consensus building, conflict resolution and compromise and cooperation

What types of topics are discussed in VIBGYORMUN conferences?

The agenda items discussed in committees vary at each conference. Most conferences tend to focus on current world affairs and issues that are being discussed in the United Nations. These issues can highlight political, financial and/or social concerns. However, the task of some committees might be to address hypothetical concerns or issues from the past or future. For example, many conferences have “crisis” committees, in which delegates must react to a hypothetical or actual crisis situation. Other conferences host historical or future Security Council simulations.

Do I get to choose the committee I would like to be in?

Committee Preferences can be mentioned by the delegate while filling up the Individual Registration Form (IRF). However, the final decision on committee allocation lies with the Secretariat of the VIBGYOR virtual MUN (Vv-MUN) and the Advisor.

How can students contact their Chair or Secretary General before the conference?

  • Respective Chair or Secretary General can be contacted through the mail.
  • Respective emails are posted on the VIBGYORMUN website: //www.vibgyormun.com/committees

What should I do if my country has no information/research available on an agenda?

  • It’s time to get inspired! Get to know the agendas very intimately, familiarize yourself with the frontline countries’ stances and strategize effectively. Take part in debate.

On what basis should I choose my committee?

  • First and foremost, your preference should be dependent on your interest. Each committee at Vv-MUN caters to a specific political and social program, and some have atypical set-ups. Understand their history, read associated agendas and then decide. Secondly, keep in mind your experience as well as ease with the size of a committee. Ensure your decision of preference is a combination of these factors.

The agenda of my committee isn’t relevant to my assigned nation. Does this mean I won’t be a part of the debate?

  • No, all delegates in any committee are encouraged to be a part of the debate. Your research can be agenda specific, with your country skillfully integrated in your response. Get familiar with your countries’ general policies before you frame your stance.

I am a first time Munner. What should I expect?

  • An intellectual challenge! Follow some basic steps, which include reading your study guides, being very well prepared on your agendas, and being ready to speak during the conference. Take multiple opportunities, participate during the Moderated and Unmoderated caucus. Don’t be very worried about the quality of your debate in the beginning, but attempt managing your countries’ interests and speaking clearly.

What is the dress code for delegates?

  • Dressing professionally and appropriately is an important aspect of Model United Nations preparations. Just like being polite and having proper manners, dressing appropriately is an important way to show respect for the nation you are representing, to your fellow delegates and to the United Nations.
  • Delegates may wear their own national dress; however, Vv-MUN requires western business attire. Western business attire, or international standard business attire, serves as a customary dress for workplaces. It includes wearing a suit, which is made up of pants, a matching jacket, a button down dress shirt, and a tie.
  • The main thing to remember is to always ensure that your appearance is tidy and put together.

Is attendance taken in Committee sessions?

Yes –for every Committee session

Am I allowed to carry and use my mobile phone during the conference?

Delegates are permitted to use their mobile phones. However, the phones should not be used during committee sessions.  

Is there a code of conduct that needs to be followed?

In order for a committee session to progress smoothly, it is important for delegates to follow the rules of procedure. These rules ensure that order is kept and delegates have equal opportunities to contribute to the discussion. Rules of procedure also provide the proper format to ask questions and make speeches.

How should I prepare for my Model UN conference?

Researching is the first and most important step in preparing for a conference. Not only is it necessary to have a grasp on information about the country you are representing and its position on the policies being discussed, it is also important to understand the UN body that your committee is representing.

What is a position paper?

  • A statement that reveals your country’s stance on a particular topic.
  • One paper needs to be completed for each topic in your committee.
  • Written position papers should be submitted to the respective Chairs fifteen days prior to the Conference.

How should students research for their position papers?

  • Background/Study guides will be available on the VIBGYORMUN website: VIBGYORMUN.com/Committees/[Committee name]
  • They are password protected documents.
  • The password will be given to the delegate post registration.
  • Refer to the list of suggested research links in the Background/Study guide for preparation.
  • A detailed overview can be found in the CIA World Fact Book.
  • Research through news articles, past UN resolutions, relevant conference or events.
  • Find out how your nation is influenced by this issue, what its stance is and how to respond to it.
  • Make sure you are comfortable with your bloc position so you know that other countries agree with yours.
  • Remember that the suggested links are only a sampling of what you should use to prepare for the conference and search engines will be very helpful.
  • It is necessary to do research even if you are on a crisis committee.
  • A strong knowledge of the issue and familiarity of your country’s policies and history will enable you to play your role accurately.

What is caucusing?

Caucusing is an informal debate that occurs during the VIBGYORMUN conference. It serves as an important method of discussion because it allows for greater participation and consensus building. Caucusing can be either ‘moderated’ when speakers are called on by the chair after raising their placards or ‘un moderated’, which is a designated time for delegates without the intervention of the chair to have discussion and work on resolutions. 

Are pre-written resolutions allowed at the VIBGYORMUN Conference?

  • Outside research is encouraged before the conference.
  • Pre-written resolutions are not allowed.
  • VIBGYORMUN Conference has a strict policy against any pre-written document.
  • Plagiarism will be treated as a serious matter.

Do I get a participation certificate for attending the Vv-MUN?


Can I leave the conference before the scheduled time is over?

It is recommended to attend the entire conference.

What is included in my registration fees?

  • Digital and online material for students which will include module for the sessions, online quizzes, study guides and reference material.
  • Digital Certificate of Participation and digital badges of honour for outstanding delegates
  • Some surprise gifts for delegates par excellence.
  • Video recording of the session will be shared on request by delegates